Manitoba’s Road to Resilience: Energy Solutions

Energy Solutions Visual Story

Energy Solutions

PROVIDE R2R FEEDBACK

Energy Solutions Visual Story

Energy Solutions

PROVIDE R2R FEEDBACK

Road to Resilience: Energy Solutions

The Road to Resilience was released by the Climate Action Team in February 2021. It established the pathway to a fossil fuel free, climate resilient future for Manitoba.

We are now presenting Road to Resilience: Energy Solutions. This study focuses on quantifying the energy essentials of the pathway:

  • How to heat all our buildings without natural gas
  • How to fuel all our vehicles without gasoline or diesel

In this section, we review the five recommended action areas required to achieve those objectives:

  1. Stop exporting electricity – Return exported electricity to use in Manitoba as contracts expire
  2. Deep retrofits – Perform deep retrofits on existing buildings. Improve the building envelop (insulation & air barrier) connect to district geothermal systems
  3. Solar power – Increase solar generation
  4. Wind power – Increase commercial wind power
  5. Energy Storage – Establish new Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) capacity

The Challenge

In order to heat our buildings and move all vehicles electrically, Manitoba Hydro estimated (in 2018) that we need this:

Peak (MW)
Current capability
Hydro's capability in 2018
4,750
New requirements
Heat all buildings electrically
7,000
100% electric vehicles
1,516
Additional requirement (TARGET)
8,516
Energy (GWh)
Current capability
Hydro's capability in 2018
25,750
New requirements
Heat all buildings electrically
16,000
100% electric vehicles
12,124
Additional requirement (TARGET)
28,124

So, we need almost 200% more power and about twice the energy supply.

And it can be done without experimental technologies, new dams, or nuclear. In fact, our proposal exceeds the target by 30% or more.

The Findings

The Climate Action Team study confirms that the objective can be met using economically viable, low carbon technology that already exists, without building additional hydro dams or nuclear power plants. The study also demonstrates how this transition can

  • improve Manitoba Hydro’s finances
  • grow Manitoba’s economy
  • create thousands of additional jobs without requiring large government investments

OUR ANALYSIS DOES SHOW THAT IT IS POSSIBLE to heat all our buildings without natural gas AND to fuel all our vehicles without gasoline or diesel.

REMEMBER – This is one scenario that produces the result that we need. The fact that our result is 30% to 50% above target gives us some flexibility. If we exceed the power and energy targets in one area it will help to make up for shortcomings in other areas.

Also, we can reduce the transportation energy requirement by moving away from dependence on vehicle transportation. Moving more people by public transit or by active transportation reduces the need for transportation electricity. Also, city planning and densification can shorten travel distances and reduce the need for vehicle transportation.

A summary of the estimated power and energy gains for each action area can be found in the table below.

Peak Demand (Firm Power MW)
1. Return Energy Exports
Firm Exports
1,605
Spot Market Exports
0
Sub-Total
1,605
2. Deep Retrofit buildings
4,257
3. Solar Power
Solar - Rooftop
0
Solar - Ground Mounted
0
Sub-Total
0
4. Wind Power
1,600
5. Energy storage
Home Battery Storage
461
Commercial Energy Storage
1,600
Electric Vehicles
2,941
Sub-Total
5,002
Total Identified
12,464
TARGET
8,516
Energy (GWh/yr)
1. Return Energy Exports
Firm Exports
2,763
Spot Market Exports
6,192
Sub-Total
8,955
2. Deep Retrofit buildings
12,651
3. Solar Power
Solar - Rooftop
1,910
Solar - Ground Mounted
6,551
Sub-Total
8,461
4. Wind Power
17,733
5. Energy storage
Home Battery Storage
0
Commercial Energy Storage
0
Electric Vehicles
0
Sub-Total
0
Total Identified
47,800
TARGET
28,124
% of Target (Power)
1. Return Energy Exports
Firm Exports
18.80%
Spot Market Exports
0.00%
Sub-Total
18.80%
2. Deep Retrofit buildings
50.00%
3. Solar Power
Solar - Rooftop
0.00%
Solar - Ground Mounted
0.00%
Sub-Total
0.00%
4. Wind Power
18.80%
5. Energy storage
Home Battery Storage
5.40%
Commercial Energy Storage
18.80%
Electric Vehicles
34.50%
Sub-Total
58.70%
Total Identified
146%
TARGET
% of Target (Energy)
1. Return Energy Exports
Firm Exports
9.80%
Spot Market Exports
22.00%
Sub-Total
31.80%
2. Deep Retrofit buildings
45.00%
3. Solar Power
Solar - Rooftop
6.80%
Solar - Ground Mounted
23.30%
Sub-Total
30.10%
4. Wind Power
63.10%
5. Energy storage
Home Battery Storage
0.00%
Commercial Energy Storage
0.00%
Electric Vehicles
0.00%
Sub-Total
0.00%
Total Identified
170%
TARGET

NOTE: Additional analysis is needed to model daily, weekly, and seasonal swings in energy supply and demand during the winter months. This analysis should take into account all likely scenarios with respect to climate variations, population growth, and other major influences on supply and demand.

Find data and analysis for each of the five energy solutions below.

ENERGY SOLUTIONS

solar power

Deep energy retrofits

stop exporting electricity

energy storage

wind power

Your Feedback

The Climate Action Team (CAT) wants to hear your feedback and ideas! We invite you to engage in the dialogue here

Manitoba’s Road to Resilience

Manitoba’s Road to Resilience is intended to define a set of recommendations for consideration by, and to stimulate a dialog among, concerned and informed Manitobans. The intention is that elected representatives, civil servants, and public policymakers will develop implementation plans to achieve the recommendations.

Public

The public needs to support the pathway & demand its implementation

Practitioners

Professionals & civil servants need to detail and implement the pathway

Policy Makers

Elected officials need to set policy and regulation to support the pathway

Road to Resilience: Energy Solutions

Road to Resilience: Community Pathway